作者:Marie Mandai et al 来源:BMC Women's Health 发布时间:2018/8/23 14:02:11
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手机与社交网络陪伴妈妈们的孤独时刻

论文标题:Loneliness among mothers raising children under the age of 3 years and predictors with special reference to the use of SNS: a community-based cross-sectional study

期刊:BMC Women's Health

作者:Marie Mandai et al

发表时间: 2018/8/16

数字识别码:10.1186/s12905-018-0625-x

原文链接:https://bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12905-018-0625-x?utm_source=Other_website&utm_medium=Website_links&utm_content=DaiDen-BMC-BMC_Womens_Health-Behavioral_Sciences-China&utm_campaign=BMCS_USG_BSCN_DD_BMCWHealth

最近发表在开放获取期刊《BMC女性健康》(BMC Woman’s Health)上的一项研究发现,平均每天花1-2个小时玩智能手机的母亲,其孤独感弱于玩手机时间更短或更长的母亲。一共有523名日本妈妈参与了此项研究。

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日本京都大学的研究者发现,每天使用智能手机不超过1小时或完全不用智能手机的母亲,自我报告的孤独感更强,每天使用智能手机2-3小时或以上的母亲情况类似。每天使用智能手机1-2小时的母亲却没有显示出更强的孤独感,这说明每天1-2小时对于年轻妈妈们来说可能是使用智能手机的理想时长。智能手机的使用可能与社交网络的使用也有关联。

研究的通讯作者Marie Mandai说:“在日本,人们通常认为有孩子的女性都生活在朋友和家人的包围下,感到孤独的可能性较小。但是近来抚养年幼孩子的母亲所遭遇的孤独感问题,引起了一些担忧。这是第一个以抚养3岁以下孩子的母亲为对象、探索通讯设备和社交媒体对其孤独感影响的研究。”

作者们发现,那些使用智能手机时间更长的母亲,对社交媒体的使用也更频繁,社交媒体上朋友较少、获得支持较少的妈妈,孤独感往往更强。这说明社交媒体可能会影响人对孤独的感知。同时,社交媒体也被妈妈们认为是一个信息来源。

作者们对日本长滨市523名抚养3岁以下幼子的母亲所填写的问卷进行了分析。问卷中的问题涵盖她们的基本特征——如年龄、婚姻状态、受教育情况和孩子的数量,孤独感,社交网络(包括线上和线下),以及她们所使用的通讯工具和信息来源。

研究者也提醒,由于采集的数据全部来源于日本的一座城市,因此结果的普适性可能有限。另外,由于这是一个横向观察性研究,且建立在自我报告数据的基础上,因此无法得出智能手机和孤独感之间的因果性结论。

摘要:

Background

Loneliness in mothers raising children can adversely impact the health of their children and lead to child abuse, depression, and deterioration of mothers’ health. Few studies to date have specifically assessed the association between loneliness and social factors, including the use of social network sites (SNSs), and personal factors. This study aimed to identify predictors of loneliness in mothers raising children, with special reference to SNS use.

Methods

This cross-sectional study involved an anonymous self-reported questionnaire survey of mothers participating in the health check-ups for their children in Nagahama City, Japan, from July 28 to September 29, 2014. The following items were assessed: revised UCLA Loneliness Scale, “Secure” subscale of the Internal Working Model Scale (IWMS-S), psychological distress scale (K6), abbreviated Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS-6), and types of communication devices and information sources. Multiple regression analysis was performed using the Loneliness Scale score as the dependent variable.

Results

Among 763 mothers attending health check-ups for children in Nagahama City, 715 were available for the survey. Among a total of 638 respondents, data from 523 mothers were analyzed (valid response rate: 73.1%). The mean Loneliness Scale score ± standard deviation was 36.1 ± 9.7. The multiple regression analysis revealed that loneliness was significantly associated with being financially worse-off (β = − 3.35, p = 0.004) and struggling (β = − 2.47, p = 0.047); having a smaller family social network (β = − 0.32, p = 0.032), having fewer friends (β = − 0.49, p = 0.001), and having a smaller SNS network (β = − 0.21, p = 0.018); a lower secure subscale score on the IWMS-S (β = − 0.56, p < 0.001); and a K6 score of ≥5 (β = 4.24, p < 0.001).

Conclusion

The degree of loneliness in mothers raising children was associated with a smaller social network, lower secure attachment style, and a higher possibility of psychological distress. These factors should be considered when developing effective interventions against loneliness in mothers raising children.

阅读论文原文,请访问

https://bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12905-018-0625-x?utm_source=Other_website&utm_medium=Website_links&utm_content=DaiDen-BMC-BMC_Womens_Health-Behavioral_Sciences-China&utm_campaign=BMCS_USG_BSCN_DD_BMCWHealth

期刊介绍:BMC Womens Health is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that considers articles on all aspects of the health and wellbeing of adolescent girls and women, with a particular focus on the physical, mental, and emotional health of women in developed and developing nations. The journal welcomes submissions on womens public health issues, health behaviours, breast cancer, gynecological diseases, mental health and health promotion.

2017 Journal Metrics

Citation Impact

1.806 - 2-year Impact Factor

2.151 - 5-year Impact Factor

1.491 - Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP)

(来源:科学网)

 
 
 
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