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来源:科学网 www.sciencenet.cn 发布时间:2008-11-14 14:7:31
15名中国科学家新当选发展中国家科学院院士
 
据发展中国家科学院(TWAS,原称第三世界科学院)网站消息:11月10日,在墨西哥首都墨西哥市举行的发展中国家科学院(TWAS)第十九届全体大会上,来自12个国家的41名科学家新当选为发展中国家科学院(TWAS)院士,其中有15名科学家来自中国。
 
以下是新当选为发展中国家科学院(TWAS)院士的中国科学家,以及发展中国家科学院网站对他们的简介:
 
1.陈晓亚,研究员、博士生导师。中国科学院上海生命科学研究院植物生理生态研究所研究员。长期从事植物次生代谢和棉纤维发育研究,早期曾从事植物分类学研究。对植物倍半萜代谢,尤其是棉花和青蒿萜类生物合成及调控开展了系统深入的研究,克隆鉴定了棉酚合成途径一系列酶和调控因子基因,并将棉花漆酶用于环境修复。通过对棉纤维发育相关转录因子的分析,鉴定了调控基因并提出其内含子起重要作用,为揭示棉纤维和植物表皮毛细胞发育的分子机制做出了贡献。在植物microRNA领域,发现激素和miR160通过生长素应答因子控制根尖顶端细胞分化和根冠形成。
 
CHEN, Xiao Ya (China). b.21-8-1955. PhD, Director, Institute of Plant Physiology & Ecology, Shanghai Institute of Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China. Chen is interested in plant molecular biology with the following major achievements: 1) elucidation of gossypol biosynthesis pathway at molecular level; 2) identification of the MYB gene involved in cotton fiber development; 3) development of a new phytoremediation method; 4) identification of transcription factors controlling root cap development.
Elected as Fellow.
 
2.孟安明,中科院院士,清华大学教授、博士生导师。教育部长江学者计划特聘教授。主要科研领域与方向:脊椎动物胚胎的分子发育生物学。主要利用斑马鱼做模式动物,分离克隆Nodal和FGF等信号通路的新的介导因子和调节因子,结合分子生物学、细胞生物学、遗传学等技术,研究它们在胚胎发育中的作用及其作用机制。利用诱变技术,鉴定影响早期胚胎发育的母源因子。
 
MENG, Anming (China). b.22-7-1963. PhD, Professor, Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. Meng is famous for identifying new mechanisms and new factors in vertebrate embryonic patterning, particularly in mesoderm induction, and for discovering a new approach for dissecting tissue-specific activities of a complex promoter in living embryos. Fellow of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, he has won the 2007 HLHL Prize, the Qiushi S&T Foundation award and several others.
Elected as Fellow.
 
3.杨焕明,基因组学家。中国科学院北京基因组研究所研究员。杨焕明教授一直从事基因组科学的研究。他主持完成的 “人类基因组计划—中国卷”使中国成为这一被称为“二十世纪登月计划”的宏伟项目的成员国,得到了各国领导人和国际科学界的高度赞扬。杨焕明教授及其团队(“华大基因”)所承担的人类基因组、水稻基因组以及家猪、家鸡、家蚕基因组等重大项目使我国的基因组研究得以跻身于世界前沿。2003年,“华大基因”又在水稻基因组完成图、家蚕基因组“框架图”的绘制以及SARS冠状病毒的基因组研究及建立诊断方法都做出了新的成绩。杨焕明教授还特别关注基因组研究的社会影响和基因知识的普及。
 
YANG, Huanming (China). b.6-10-1952. PhD. Yang is well known for his outstanding achievements in genomics and bioinformatics. Among his many awards are the 2005 TWAS Prize in Biology, 2003 Award for Outstanding Team in Science and Technology Achievements, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2003 Nikkei Asia Prize for Science, Japan, 2002 Research Leader of the Year, "Scientific American", USA, 2002 Award for Outstanding Team in Science & Technology, "Qiu Shi" S & T Foundation, Hong Kong, and the 2001 National Nature Science Awards of China, Second Prize, Ministry of S & T, China. He is also the Coordinator-in-China, of the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium, The International HapMap Consortium, and the International Chicken Genome Sequencing Consortium.
Elected as Fellow.
 
4.段树民,博士,博士生导师,中国科学院“百人计划”获得者。 研究兴趣为受体、转运蛋白、离子通道及其信息转导机制。近几年主要研究星形胶质细胞参与神经元信息处理的机理。现承担国家重点基础研究发展规划项目“脑发育和可塑性的基础研究”(2000-2004)。2007年当选中国科学院院士。
 
DUAN, Shumin (China). b.20-10-1957. PhD, Professor, Institute of Neurosciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shanghai 200031, China. Duan has discovered new roles for astrocytes in the brain, in neuron-glia interaction, and the critical role of astrocyte-derived D-serine in synaptic plasticity. A member of the Chinese Academy of Science, he has been a Distinguished Young Investigator of CAS in 2001, the Top 10 News of Achievements in Basic Sciences Research in China in 2003 and 2006.
Elected as Fellow.
 
5.刘德培,中国工程院院士、医学分子生物学家,现任中国工程院副院长、中国医学科学院院长、中国协和医科大学校长、中国协和医科大学研究生院院长。主要从事基因调控和基因治疗的研究,包括分化与发育的基因表达调控、转基因动物与疾病模型、 基因转移与基因治疗等方面的工作。
 
LIU, Depei (China). b.4-5-1950. PhD, President, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CAMS) and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China. Liu has established transgenic models of two globin gene clusters and apoA1 gene cluster, and found core sequence of HS2, and also the increased efficiency of oligonucleotide-mediated gene repair through slowing replication fork progression. He is a member and the President of CAMS, member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and has won a large member of national S&T awards and the top award of Chinese Medical Science & Technology of the Ministry of S&T, China.
Elected as Fellow.
 
6.杨泮池,台湾医学家,国立台湾大学医学博士,曾任台大医院内科主任、中央研究院研究员、台大国家级临床试验研究中心主任等职;2006年获选为中央研究院院士。现任台大医学院院长、台大医学院内科教授。
 
YANG, Pan-Chyr (Taiwan, China). b.8-2-1954. MD, PhD, Dean and Professor, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Yang is known for his contribution in identifying the gene expression signature and micro RNA signature outcome prediction and personalized therapy of lung cancer as well as the pharmacogenomic significance of EGFR mutations and anti-EGFR treatment in lung cancer. Fellow of Academia Sinica, he has won all the major awards of Taiwan.
Elected as Fellow.
 
7.曾益新,中国科学院院士、肿瘤学家。现任中山大学附属肿瘤医院院长,中山大学教授、博士生导师。
 
ZENG, Yi-Xin (China). b.10-3-1962. MD, PhD., Professor and President, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China. Zeng has been studying nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), a common malignancy in southern China. Results from his team regarding predisposing gene identification, chromosome alterations, somatic gene mutations and methylation of tumor suppressor genes have provided a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying NPC development. He is a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and has won the awards for the top ten scientific achievements and advancement of medicine and health sciences in China.
Elected as Fellow.
 
8.曹镛,中国科学院院士、高分子化学家。华南理工大学教授、高分子光电材料与器件研究所所长。他是国内最早从事导电高分子研究的科学家之一。提出了"对阴离子诱导加工性"的新概念,解决了导电高分子的高导电性与加工性不能同时并存的难题;在世界上首次成功研制出可弯曲的大面积塑料片基发光二极管;在国际上首次报道电致发光与光致发光之比可高达50%,表明单重态的形成率可以超出公认的25%的概念,提出大幅度提高聚合物发光效率的一个新途径。
 
CAO, Yong (China). b.14-10-1941. PhD, Professor, Institute of Polymer Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China. Cao was the first one to develop flexible polymer light emitting diodes (PLED) and all printable PLED with printed cathode. He proved that the EL quantum efficiency of PLEDs can exceed the theoretical limit of 25%. A member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, he has won the Chinese National Award of Natural Science.
Elected as Fellow.
 
9.麻生明,有机化学家。中国科学院院士,教育部第五批长江计划特聘教授。主要从事联烯及其类似物化学方面的研究。引入亲核性官能团,解决了联烯在金属催化剂存在下反应活性及选择性调控,为环状化合物的合成建立了高效合成方法学;发展了从2,3-联烯酸合成γ-丁烯酸内脂类化合物的方法;建立了过渡金属参与手征性中心形成的一锅法双金属共催化的合成方法。同时,实现了同一底物中几种碳-碳键断裂间的选择性调控,提出了杂环化合物的多样性合成方法。
 
MA, Shengming (China). b.29-5-1965. PhD, Professor of Chemistry, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China. Ma is an organic chemist with special achievements in the areas of allenes and their functionalization with organic halides, and efficient synthesis of cyclic compounds using one-step route to steroids in a stereo-selective manner. A member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, he has won the 2004 IUPAC-OMCOS award, Qin Shi award apart from many national awards.
Elected as Fellow.
 
10.李德财,资讯学者,中央研究院院士。研究兴趣在于算法设计分析、计算几何学、VLSI布局、算法视觉化、生物资讯、软件安全、数位图书馆、因特网解题平台以及智慧传输系统等。他已经发表超过150篇以上的学术性论文于重要期刊上并且拥有数项专利,尤对计算几何学有杰出贡献。
 
LEE, Der-Tsai (Taiwan, China). b.5-4-1949. PhD, DSc(hc), Distinguished Research Fellow & Director, Institute of Informational Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan. Lee is well known for his contributions to design and analysis of algorithms; computational geometry and its applications to VLSI circuit layout, routing and manufacturing; software security and digital libraries, museums and archives. A fellow of the Academia Sinica, he has won the Outstanding Research Award Pan Wen-Yuan Foundation of Taiwan and The Information Science Honorary Medal of Taiwan.
Elected as Fellow.
 
11.方精云,北京大学环境学院长江特聘教授,生态学系主任。主要从事植被生态学、全球气候变化以及植物生物地理学的研究。他建立了我国陆地植被和土壤碳储量的研究方法,系统研究了我国陆地生态系统的碳储量及其变化,较早地开展了碳循环主要过程的野外观测,构建了中国第一个国家尺度的陆地碳循环模式,为我国陆地碳循环的研究奠定了基础;系统研究了我国大尺度的植被动态及时空变化,揭示了我国植被生产力的变化趋势、空间分异及其对气候变化响应的规律;系统开展了我国植被分布与气候关系的定量研究,提出了基于植被气候关系的我国植被带划分的原则和依据,首次采用统一的调查方法,较系统地研究了我国山地植物多样性的分布规律。
 
FANG, Jingyun (China). b.21-7-1959. PhD, Professor, Department of Ecology, College of Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China. Fang has developed the methods for estimating carbon stocks of Chinese forests, grasslands, croplands and soils, quantified their changes over the past decades, and developed a national-scale carbon cycle scheme. He has also documented China's vegetation patterns and dynamics in relation to climate changes and explored biodiversity patterns of China's mountains. A member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fang has won both the National Young Scientists Award and the Natural Sciences Prize.
Elected as Fellow.
 
12.穆穆,中国科学院院士,研究员。1993年被批准为博士生导师。2007年当选为中科院院士。现任所学术委员会副主任、LASG国家重点实验室副主任。中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目首席科学家。主持国家自然科学基金重点项目与国家重点基础研究项目研究专题。
 
MU, Mu (China). b.31-8-1954. PhD, Professor, State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Sciences, and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing, China. Mu's major accomplishments relate to stability problems in geophysical fluid dynamics, and in the predictability of weather and climate, in which he has proposed and applied a new method called CNOP to study the El Nino Southern Oscillation. An academician of CAS, he has won the Youth Prize of China Association of S&T, Chinese Young Scientist Prize, and the 'Baojie' Excellent supervisor and Teacher Prize of CAS in 2006.
Elected as Fellow.
 
13.龙以明,南开大学陈省身数学研究所所长,教授,博士生导师,中国科学院院士,“长江学者”奖励计划特聘教授。主要研究方向:非线性分析与辛几何,特别是非线性Hamilton系统,变分方法,辛道路的指标与其迭代理论,临界点理论,椭圆型偏微分方程,N体问题,中心构型等。
 
LONG, Yiming (China). b.14-10-1948. PhD, Professor and Director of the Chern Institute of Mathematics, Nankai University Tianjin, China. Long has made fundamental contributions to Hamiltonian dynamics. In particular, he is acknowledged for his iteration theory for symplectic matrix paths, and for his deep studies on periodic solution orbits of Hamiltonian systems. A member of the Chinese Academy of Science, he has received the 2004 TWAS Prize in Mathematics, the Natural Sciences Award (first class), the SS Chem Prize and the Qiushi Foundation Prize.
Elected as Fellow.
 
14.王恩哥,现任中国科学院副秘书长。研究员,博士生导师。同时任香港大学Honorary教授。2007年当选中国科学院院士。主要研究方向:轻元素纳米新材料探索及其物理性质; 原子尺度上的表面生长动力学;受限系统中水的行为与特性。
 
WANG, Enge (China). b.1957. PhD, Professor & Director, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing, China. Wang has done pioneering work on the synthesis of tubular graphite cones and nanobells, and innovatively studied the formation and decay mechanisms of surface-based nanostructures. He has also been involved in the discovery of upward atomic diffusion and three dimensional Ehrlich-Schwobel barrier, and has predicted the two dimensional tessellation of ice. He has been awarded the TWAS Prize in Physics in 2005, and also the Humboldt Research Award, the Zhou Pei-Yuan Physics Prize, IBM Faculty Award, and the Science and Technology Awards of Beijing and of China. Elected member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2007.
Elected as Fellow.
 
15.张杰,中国科学院院士,德国科学院院士。现任上海交通大学校长。主要从事X射线激光和强场物理研究。
 
ZHANG, Jie (China). b.31-1-1958. PhD, Professor, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. Zhang has published over 81 papers on X-ray lasers (>1,100 citations). His major contributions include the first demonstration of saturated operation of X-ray lasers close to the water window and research on the generation and propagation of hot electrons in laser plasmas. He is an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and has won 7 major awards of China, the Qiushi Young Scholar Award, and the Humboldt and KC Wong Fellowships and the TWAS Prize in Engineering Sciences (2007).
Elected as Fellow.
 
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