当前位置:科学网首页 > 小柯机器人 >详情
神经科学领域的论文引用中也存在性别歧视
作者:小柯机器人 发布时间:2020/6/23 14:39:58

2020年6月19日,美国宾夕法尼亚大学Danielle S. Bassett研究团队在《自然—神经科学》杂志发表论文,揭示了神经科学领域中论文引用的性别不平等现象。

研究人员调查了神经科学引用中是否存在性别模式。使用来自五种顶级神经科学期刊的数据,研究人员发现参考文献列表中试图更多地引用以男性作为第一作者和最后作者的文章。
 
重要的是,研究人员表明,这种失衡主要是由男性的引用行为引起的,并且随着时间的推移,这种失衡随着领域的多元化而进一步增加。研究人员评估并讨论了可能的机制,然后考虑了研究人员如何在自己的工作中解决这些问题。
 
据悉,与许多学科类似,神经科学越来越多地尝试解决普遍存在的性别失衡。尽管出版和会议的参与常被强调,但最近的研究呼吁人们注意引文中性别不平衡的普遍性。由于引用对可见度和职业发展具有后续影响,因此了解性别在引用实践中的作用对于解决科学不平等至关重要。
 
附:英文原文

Title: The extent and drivers of gender imbalance in neuroscience reference lists

Author: Jordan D. Dworkin, Kristin A. Linn, Erin G. Teich, Perry Zurn, Russell T. Shinohara, Danielle S. Bassett

Issue&Volume: 2020-06-19

Abstract: Similarly to many scientific disciplines, neuroscience has increasingly attempted to confront pervasive gender imbalances. Although publishing and conference participation are often highlighted, recent research has called attention to the prevalence of gender imbalance in citations. Because of the downstream effects of citations on visibility and career advancement, understanding the role of gender in citation practices is vital for addressing scientific inequity. Here, we investigate whether gendered patterns are present in neuroscience citations. Using data from five top neuroscience journals, we find that reference lists tend to include more papers with men as first and last author than would be expected if gender were unrelated to referencing. Importantly, we show that this imbalance is driven largely by the citation practices of men and is increasing over time as the field diversifies. We assess and discuss possible mechanisms and consider how researchers might approach these issues in their own work. Using data from top neuroscience journals, this study finds that women-led work tends to be undercited relative to expectations. This imbalance is driven largely by the citation practices of men and is increasing over time as the field diversifies.

DOI: 10.1038/s41593-020-0658-y

Source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41593-020-0658-y

期刊信息

Nature Neuroscience:《自然—神经科学》,创刊于1998年。隶属于施普林格·自然出版集团,最新if:21.126
官方网址:https://www.nature.com/neuro/
投稿链接:https://mts-nn.nature.com/cgi-bin/main.plex